Lady And The Tramp is a 1955 American animated musical romance film produced by Walt Disney and released by RKO Radio Pictures. The 15th Disney animated feature film, it was the first animated feature filmed in the CinemaScope widescreen process. The story follows a female American Cocker Spaniel named Lady who falls in love with a male stray mutt called the Tramp. Their relationship faces many obstacles, including Lady’s disciplinarian owner, Aunt Sarah, and the threat of losing each other forever when Lady is scheduled to be spayed.
The film was one of the first to realistically animate dogs, drawing inspiration from real-life dalmatians and mixed-breed pets rather than cartoonish canines; as animator Frank Thomas explained, “Lady was not cute like Pluto or Donald Duck. She was tall and lanky, with big ears and a long nose. We tried to give her some real personality.”
Thomas and his fellow animators studied live dogs for reference, even bringing their own pets into the studio. The film’s voice cast includes Barbara Jo Allen, Peggy Lee, Bill Thompson, Verna Felton, Alan Reed, George Givot, and Stan Freberg. Lady And The Tramp was Disney’s first animated feature to receive a positive review from The New York Times film critic Bosley Crowther upon its release; it is also notable for being the first Disney animated film to be released on home video.
The film was adapted into a Broadway musical in 1955 and a live-action remake in 2020. In 1998, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant”.
Awarded 5 Oscars: Best Animated Feature, Best Original Song (“Bella Notte”), Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Sound Editing, and Best Original Score.
Awarded the Golden Globe for Best Animated Feature Film.
Won 5 Annie Awards: Outstanding Achievement in Directing in an Animated Feature Production, Outstanding Individual Achievement for Voice Acting by Bill Thompson, Outstanding Individual Achievement for Storyboarding in an Animated Feature Production, Outstanding Individual Achievement for Writing in an Animated Feature Production, and Outstanding Achievement in Music in an Animated Feature Production.
Won the BAFTA Award for Best Animated Film.
Nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Album for Children.